First Night of Rosh Hashanah 2020: How do Jews celebrate Erev Rosh Hashanah?

This article will provide you with information about a Jewish Festival called Rosh Hashanah. We have shared How do/will Jews celebrate the First Night of Rosh Hashanah 2020. For complete Rosh Hashanah Traditions and Customs, please read the article given below:

What is Rosh Hashanah and how it is celebrated?

Rosh Hashanah is a Jewish festival that commences the first and second days of the Jewish month Tishrei according to the Hebrew calendar. Rosh Hashanah 2020 begins at sundown on Friday, September 18th, and continues through nightfall on Sunday, September 20th. It is also known as Jewish New Year and on the First Night of Rosh Hashanah, following customs and traditions are performed which includes eating festive meals, praying, and asking for God’s forgiveness and making amendments.

Happy Rosh Hashanah

Happy Rosh Hashanah

Here are some popular Rosh Hashanah Traditions that are followed on the Erev Rosh Hashanah.

First Night of Rosh Hashanah 2020: Erev Rosh Hashanah?

Rosh Hashanah marks the beginning of the High Holidays and is a period of self-improvement and repentance which culminated on the tenth day of the month of Tishrei, called Yom Kippur ( Day of Atonement). Thus, Yom Kippur and Rosh Hashanah are the two most important days of the Jewish calendar. Let’s start with Rosh Hashanah Customs that are performed in the evening.

Lighting Candles on the evening of Rosh Hashanah

Happy Rosh Hashanah

Happy Rosh Hashanah

On the first night of Rosh Hashanah, it is customary to light candles no later than 18 minutes before sundown by women or girls of the house. If there is no woman/girl in the house to do so, candles should be lit by the head of the household. On the second night, candles lighting should be done immediately after the nightfall with an existing flame, and then Shabbat.

Rosh Hashanah Candle Lighting Prayer | Rosh Hashanah Candle Light Timings 2020

Rosh Hashanah Prayers in Hebrew: Barukh atah Adonai, Eloheinu, melekh ha’olam
English Translation: Blessed are you, Lord, our God, sovereign of the universe
Rosh Hashanah Prayers in Hebrew: asher kidishanu b’mitz’votav v’tzivanu
Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us
The words in [brackets] should be read only on the sabbath

Rosh Hashanah Prayers in Hebrew: l’had’lik neir shel [shabbat v’shel] yom tov (Amein)
to light the candles of [Shabbat and of] the holiday (Amen)

Rosh Hashanah 2020 Candle Lighting Times for Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Elul 29, 5780 (Friday, September 18th, 2020) Lighting Shabbat/Holiday Candles: 7:03 PM

Tishrei 1, 5781 (Saturday, September 19th, 2020) Lighting Holiday Candles from pre-existing flame after: 8:02 PM

Tishrei 2, 5781 (Sunday, September 20th, 2020) Holiday Ends: 8:00 PM

Eating festive meals: Rosh Hashanah Food

Happy Rosh Hashanah

Happy Rosh Hashanah

Most of the Jewish festival involves eating traditional meals together with the whole family. It includes eating fruits, bread, wine, fish and honey.

Evening Kiddush for Rosh Hashanah : Kiddush over wine or grape juice

Kiddush is recited on Rosh Hashanah while holding a cup of wine which should be no less than 3.3 ounces. If wine or grape juice is not used, you should substitute shehakol nih’yeh bid’varo (by whose will all things come to be) for borei p’ri hagafen (who creates the fruit of the vine). On Friday nights (Shabbat), insert the first paragraph of Shabbat kiddush here, that is, from Vay’hiy erev to asher bara Elohiym la’asot. On all other nights, skip words in [brackets].

Barukh atah Adonai, Eloheinu, melekh ha’olam
Blessed are you, Lord, our God, sovereign of the universe
(if using wine or grape juice)

borei p’ri hagafen (Amein)
Who creates the fruit of the vine (Amen)
(if using other liquids)

shehakol nih’yeh bid’varo (Amein)
Who made all things exist through His word (Amen)

Barukh atah Adonai, Eloheinu, melekh ha’olam
Blessed are you, Lord, our God, sovereign of the universe

asher bachar banu mikol am v’rom’manu mikol lashon
who has chosen us from among all people, and exalted us above every tongue

v’kid’shanu b’mitz’votav vatiten lanu Adonai Eloheinu, b’ahavah
and sanctified us with His commandments,and you gave us, Lord our God, with love

et yom [hashabat hazeh v’et yom]
with love this day of [Sabbath and this day of]

hazikaron hazeh yom [zikh’ron] t’ru’ah
remembrance, a day of [remembrance of] shofar blowing [with love]

[b’ahavah] mik’ra kodesh zeikher litzi’at mitz’rayim
[with love] a holy convocation, a memorial of the exodus from Egypt

ki vanu vachar’ta v’otanu kidash’ta mikol ha’amim
Indeed, You have chosen us and made us holy from all peoples

ud’var’kha emet v’kayam la’ad
and Your word is true and established for ever.

Barukh atah Adonai melekh al kol ha’aretz
Blessed are You, Lord, our God, King over all the world,

m’kadeish [hashabat v]yisra’eil v’yom hazikaron. (Amein)
Who sanctifies [the sabbath] and Israel and the Day of Remembrance. (Amen) Source: Jewfaq.org

Apples dipped in honey (on the first night)

It is customary to eat apples dipped in honey on Rosh Hashanah. To know the reason, read this article: Why do Jews eat Apples dipped in honey on Rosh Hashanah?

Rosh Hashanah Prayers for eating apples dipped in honey: Blessings for Apples and Honey on Rosh Hashanah

Barukh atah Adonai, Eloheinu, melekh ha’olam
Blessed are you, Lord, our God, king of the universe
borei p’ri ha’eitz (Amein).
who creates the fruit of the tree. (Amen)
Take a bite from the apple dipped in honey, then continue with the following:
y’hi ratzon mil’fanekha Adonai eloheinu vei’lohei avoteinu
May it be Your will, Lord our God and God of our ancestors
sh’t’chadeish aleinu shanah tovah um’tukah.
that you renew for us a good and sweet year.

Eating Round Challah bread with raisins dipped in Honey

Immediately after Kiddush, the part of the tradition is to eat a traditional braided bread in a round shape known as Challah. Raisin are also included which symbolizes the hope for the sweet new year. It is also made sure that everyone passes it to the next person after taking a bite. The reason why Challah is baked in round is that it reminds us of the opportunity for t’shuvah, repentance/return, is always available to us.

Performing a custom known as Tashlich

After the afternoon prayer on the first day of Rosh Hashanah, Jewish people go to a lake, river, or sea to perform a custom know as Taslisch.

Small pieces of bread are thrown in the lakes with fishes while reciting Tashlich prayers, which symbolizes casting away our sins into the water. If the first day of Rosh Hashanah falls on Shabbat, Tashlich is done on the second day of Rosh Hashanah. If one is unable to perform this ceremony on Rosh Hashanah, one may do so until the last day of Sukkot (October 9, 2020).

That is everything in this article on First Night of Rosh Hashanah 2020. Please let us know in the comments if we have missed something. Till then we wish you all, Happy Rosh Hashanah 2020 or L’shanah tovah 2020 to all our Jewish brothers and sisters.

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